U.S. sees surge in GMO-free labels
By Laura Aiken
U.S. – The free-from category is continuing to grow globally, reports Innova Market Insights, and there has been a marked upturn in interest in non-GMO products driven by America.
In terms of product activity, launches featuring GMO-free claims and labelling remain relatively limited on a global scale. Over 13 per cen of launches recorded by Innova Market Insights in the 12 months to the end of June were marketed on an additive-free or preservative-free platform, while 7.8 per cent were marketed as organic and 6.3 per cent as natural. At the same time just 4 per cent used GMO-free labelling, although this was a significant rise year-on-year, driven mainly by rising levels of interest in the U.S. Over the 12-month period, the U.S. accounted for 43 per cent of global launches using GMO-free claims, moving ahead of the EU on 39 per cent despite the much larger number of countries involved in the latter region.
According to Lu Ann Williams, director of Innovation at Innova Market Insights, the use of genetic modification has become an issue in recent years in the U.S. in particular, where there has traditionally been only limited consumer resistance to GM foods.
“While GM foods have to be labelled in other parts of the world, including the EU,” she stated in a news release, “this has not been the case in the U.S. to date. After rising levels of concern, the growing use of GMO-free labelling and the development of schemes such as Non-GMO Project Verification, some U.S. states started to discuss introducing their own legislation and there is currently also a move for USDA to create its own voluntary non-GMO certification program.”
Bakery products and snacks lead in terms of numbers of global GMO-free introductions, accounting for 12 per cent and 11 per cent, respectively, reflecting the significance of GM ingredients in sectors using high levels of cereals for food. While these two product categories led in terms of introductions overall, cereals led in terms of share, with over 13 per cent of launches of breakfast cereals and cereal bars featuring this type of labelling, compared with 7.4 per cent for snacks and 4.6 per cent for bakery products.
There has also been relatively strong interest in non-GMO labelling in the dairy industry, where a natural image has traditionally been important and there is already ongoing activity in organic and pasture milks. There is a strong link between organic and GMO-free certification, with many products using both types of positioning. In the U.S., these include organic dairy producers such as Stonyfield Farm and Organic Valley, as well as non-dairy drink lines such as blue Diamond’s Almond Breeze and white Wave’s Silk. The leading U.S. Greek yogurt brand Chobani is also certified non-GMO.
Dairy products have also been one of the key areas for non-GMO or GMO-free labeling in Europe, where, despite compulsory EU regulations on labelling of genetically modified foods having been in force since the 1990s, there has still been ongoing pressure to verify and more easily identify non-GMO options. This has been led by countries such as Germany and Austria. Dairy launches using a GMO-free positioning accounted for nearly 28 per cent of Austrian dairy introductions in the 12 months to the end of June. This compared with 3.2 per cent in the EU as a whole, just over 5 per cent globally and just under 10 per cent in the U.S.